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Sourdough Calzone

ENGLISH: INGREDIENTS/DIRECTIONS/BAKING/TIPS



You can't say you know Italian pizza if you've never tried the calzone: a soft, yeasty dough envelope filled with all sorts of goodies, baked or fried. Recognised as a traditional food of Campania and Puglia, it goes without saying that every village in southern Italy has its own recipe, different in dough, filling and baking.


The recipe I have used is the same as that for the homemade Neapolitan pizza, the only thing that changes is the way it is stuffed and rolled out: if you want to make a pizza, roll out the dough trying to leave a more pronounced edge to get a soft rim. If, on the other hand, you want to try the calzone, roll out the dough to the same thickness, stuff it as you like and fold it over on itself, forming a half moon.


Proportions for a dough fermented 24 h in the fridge:


Hydro: 74% of flour

Yeast: 10% if using sourdough; 0.5% if using brewer's yeast

Salt: 2.2%.

Oil: 2%.


PS: In case you are using a liquid sourdough starter like mine (half flour and half water), there is one trick to make sure that you don't end up with a dough that is too unsalted or too liquid.

Once you have calculated the amount of yeast required for the recipe (in this case 50 g, or 10% of 500 g), I advise you to divide this figure in half and subtract each part from your initial amounts of water and flour (in this case 25 g less flour than the initial 500 g and 25 g less water than the initial 370 g).



As always, Pastamadre is not here to give you rules to follow, but inspiration and advice to find your own method. (In any case, I recommend you try this recipe because it was really good)!


INGREDIENTS PREPARATION: 2 h of preparation + 22 h of raising time/ SERVING SIZE: 4 calzoni

  • 410 g of wheat flour type 812 - tipo 1 (with a minimum of 13 g of proteins)

  • 65 g of re-milled semolina flour or Hartweizengrieß

  • 345 g of cold water

  • 50 g of sourdough starter (ready to use)

  • 10 g of extra virgin olive oil

  • 12,5 g of salt

Same recipe using only fresh yeast:

  • 420 g of wheat flour type 812 - tipo 1 (with a minimum of 13 g of proteins)

  • 80 g of re-milled semolina flour or Hartweizengrieß

  • 370 g of cold water

  • 2,5 g of fresh bio yeast

  • 10 g of extra virgin olive oil

  • 12,5 g of salt

DIRECTIONS


Mix the dough 24 hours in advance (so if you want to eat it at 7 pm on Saturday, you can mix the dough on Friday late afternoon).


Start with the autolyse: coarsely mix all the flour with the water. Let it rest for 30 minutes, covered with a cloth. In this way, the water and flour will begin to bind together, making the dough easier to work with.


After 30 minutes add sourdough or fresh yeast to the dough and start kneading.


If you are kneading by hand, I recommend doing it directly in the bowl and then moving to a wooden board once the dough has taken structure. If you are kneading with a mixer, use the medium speed for about 10 minutes.


Once the dough has taken shape, add all the salt and mix. Then add the oil in a trickle, allowing it to be slowly absorbed. Continue kneading until your dough is smooth and homogeneous (more or less 5 more minutes).


Transfer the dough into a container with a cap, and don’t forget to oil the container before! Leave it at room temperature for 1,5 h, giving it a fold with oiled hands every 30 min.


Place it in the fridge for more or less 20 hours.


Take the dough out of the fridge 3 hours before you want to eat your calzone.


Divide the dough into loaves of 200 g each. Give it a rounded shape, trying not to dislodge the air obtained from the first rising, but enclosing it within the dough.




Place the dough balls on a floured baking tray and let them rise for about 3 hours at room temperature, well covered.


To roll out the calzone: take a ball, turn it upside down on plenty of flour, trying to open up the dough gently with your fingertips. it is important to turn the dough upside down so your fingers do not stick.


Stuff as desired and close the dough over itself to form a half moon. Pinch the edges well to prevent them from opening during cooking.


If desired, sprinkle with tomato puree seasoned with salt, oil and pepper.


BAKING


Bake at 250 degrees, static mode. Baking time around 15 min.